Children’s Health

In a recent study published in Pediatric Research, researchers assessed the neurodevelopment in preschool-aged Zika-exposed children without congenital Zika syndrome. Study: Preschool neurodevelopment in Zika virus-exposed children without congenital Zika syndrome. Image Credit: Kateryna Kon/Shutterstock Children exposed to the Zika virus (ZIKV) during gestation at the time of the ZIKV pandemic have aged to early childhood.
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Researchers have long been working on how to treat obesity, a serious condition that can lead to hypertension, diabetes, chronic inflammation, and cardiovascular diseases. Studies have also revealed a strong correlation of obesity and cancer–recent data show that smoking, drinking alcohol, and obesity are the biggest contributors to cancer worldwide. The development of fat cells,
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Research published in the New England Journal of Medicine has shown that a computerized program enhanced with driving simulation training with feedback lowers the risk of car crashes for teenagers with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Annie Artiga Garner, Ph.D., associate professor of psychology at Saint Louis University, is a co-investigator in the study, which
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New research shows promising results using neurotechnological approaches to treat depression in youth. The research, led by Simon Fraser University (SFU) professor Faranak Farzan, is published in the Journal of Affective Disorders Reports. Researchers investigated the clinical and neurophysiological effects of using brain stimulation followed by cognitive exercise for treating Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) in
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A prospective, randomized, open-level clinical trial demonstrates that gargling with povidone-iodine accelerates viral clearance and reduces saliva infectivity in patients with asymptomatic or mild coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). The trial findings have been published in the journal Scientific Reports. Study: A prospective, randomized, open-label trial of early versus late povidone-iodine gargling in patients with COVID-19.
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Thought LeadersAnne AslettChief Executive Officerthe Elton John AIDS Foundation  To commemorate World AIDS Day, News Medical spoke to Anne Aslett, Chief Executive Officer of the Elton John AIDS Foundation, about the work of the foundation and the actions required to address inequalities and help end AIDS.  Please can you introduce yourself and tell us about your professional
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The physical and emotional harm caused by commercial sexual exploitation and trafficking of children and youth has been well documented but there is little research looking at preventative measures to help protect those at risk. Researchers at the University of New Hampshire have received a five-year grant totaling $1.8 million from the Centers for Disease
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A new study links a gene concentrated in the brain’s cleanup cells, known as microglia, to the inflammation that has increasingly emerged as a key mechanism contributing to Alzheimer’s disease. The findings may offer a new potential target for therapies for the intractable condition. The gene, known as inositol polyphosphate-5-phosphatase D (INPP5D), is the subject
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Children who are exposed to the Zika virus while in the womb, but who are not subsequently diagnosed with Zika-related birth defects and congenital Zika syndrome (CZS), may still display differences in some aspects of cognitive development, mood and mobility compared to unexposed children, reports a study published in Pediatric Research. These findings suggest that
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The number of surgeries performed on Black, Latino, and Asian children is significantly lower than among white children in the United States, a UT Southwestern study has found. These differences may reflect inequities in access to surgical care. The study, published in the Journal of Pediatric Surgery, examined surgery data for more than 200,000 children
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In a recent study published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), researchers reported that pandemic fatigue impeded the mitigation of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Hong Kong. Study: Pandemic fatigue impedes mitigation of COVID-19 in Hong Kong. Image Credit: myboys.me / Shutterstock.com Background Related Stories The COVID-19 pandemic has significantly impacted public
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In a recent BMC Medicine journal study, researchers estimate the age-varying susceptibility to infection with the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) Omicron variant. To this end, an updated version of a previously described model with recent vaccine coverage data and waning vaccine effectiveness (VE) against the Omicron infection was used to estimate susceptibility to
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Previous studies have reported age-related differences in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) tolerance and responsiveness, with younger individuals tending to have better outcomes than the elderly. In addition, age-targeted COVID-19 mitigation strategies have been reported to considerably decrease intensive care unit (ICU) admissions and deaths. In a recent Scientific Reports journal paper, researchers developed a novel
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A recent Science Translational Medicine study reports that food-specific immunoglobulin A (IgA) present in the human gut does not provide protection against food allergies. Study: Food-specific immunoglobulin A does not correlate with natural tolerance to peanut or egg allergens. Image Credit: OMfotovideocontent / Shutterstock.com Background Food allergies, a leading public health problem worldwide, are caused by
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Teens and young adults who are treated for sleep disorders with benzodiazepines such as Xanax – a medication commonly prescribed to treat anxiety and insomnia – may be at a higher risk of overdose, according to Rutgers researchers. The study, published in JAMA Network Open, examined how often young people with sleep disorders had a
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A group of international researchers examined parental methods to help toddlers sleep across 14 cultures and found that these methods are related to the development of a child’s temperament. The researchers suggested focusing on better sleep-related parenting practices to support positive behavioral development across cultures. The importance of good sleep during childhood development has been
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